Unit 21 aspects of contract and

Other related engineering industry sectors. This qualification will enhance the status and productivity of the learner as well as contribute to improved quality, production rate and growth within relevant electrical sectors. The range of typical learners at this level could include individuals preparing to qualify in occupations or trades such as:

Unit 21 aspects of contract and

Medical and Social Aspects Warren M. Abortion is one of the most difficult, controversial, and painful subjects in modern American society. The principal controversy revolves around the questions of who makes the decision concerning abortion — the individual or the state; under what circumstances it may be done; and who is capable of making the decision.

Medical questions such as techniques of abortion are less controversial but are sometimes part of the larger debate. Abortion is not new in human society. A study by anthropologist George Devereux showed that more than three hundred contemporary nonindustrial societies practiced abortion.

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Women have performed abortions on themselves or experienced abortions at the hands of others for thousands of years Potts et al. However, modern technology and social change have made abortion an essential component of modern health care.

However, abortion has become a political issue in American life and a flash point for disagreements about the role of women and individual autonomy in life decisions.

Definition of Abortion The classic definition of abortion is "expulsion of the fetus before it is viable.


Before modern methods of abortion, this sometimes meant the introduction of foreign Unit 21 aspects of contract and such as catheters into the uterus to disrupt the placenta and embryo or fetus so that a miscarriage would result.

Although these methods can be effective, they may also result in death of the woman if her uterus is ruptured or if some of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus enters her blood stream. From the Colonial period to the early twentieth century in America, primitive methods such as these were used along with the introduction of foreign objects into the uterus wooden sticks, knitting needles, catheters, etc.

In modern American society, abortions are performed surgically by physicians or other trained personnel experienced in this technique, making the procedure much safer than when primitive methods were used. The goal of induced abortion still remains the same: Interrupt the pregnancy so that the woman will not continue to term and deliver a baby.

One problem with the classical definition of abortion is the changing definition of viability the ability to live outside the womb.

Unit 21 aspects of contract and

Premature birth is historically associated with high death and disability rates for babies born alive, but medical advances of the twentieth century have made it possible to save the lives of babies born after only thirty weeks of pregnancy when the usual pregnancy lasts forty weeks.

Some infants born at twenty-six to twenty-seven weeks or even younger have survived through massive intervention and support. At the same time, abortions are now sometimes performed at up to twenty-five to twenty-six weeks of pregnancy.

Therefore, the old definition of viability is not helpful in determining whether an abortion has been or should be performed Grobstein Reasons for Abortions There are probably as many reasons for abortions as there are women who have them.

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Some pregnancies result from rape or incest, and women who are victims of these assaults often seek an abortion. Most women, however, decide to have an abortion because the pregnancy represents a problem in their lives.

Some women feel emotionally unprepared to enter parenthood and raise a child; they are too young or do not have a reliable partner with whom to raise a child.

Many young women in high school or college find themselves pregnant and must choose between continuing the education they need to survive economically or dropping out to have a baby. Young couples who are just starting their lives and want children might prefer to develop financial security first to provide better care for their future children.

Sometimes people enter into a casual sexual relationship that leads to pregnancy with no prospect of marriage, but even if the sexual relationship is more than casual, abortion is sometimes sought because a woman decides that the social status of the male is inappropriate.

Some of the most difficult and painful choices are faced by women who are happily pregnant for the first time late in the reproductive years thirty-five to forty-five but discover in late pregnancy twenty-six or more weeks that the fetus is so defective it may not live or have a normal life.

Even worse is a diagnosis of abnormalities that may or may not result in problems after birth. Some women and couples in this situation choose to have a late abortion Hern et al. In some cases, a woman must have an abortion to survive a pregnancy. An example is the diabetic woman who develops a condition in pregnancy called hyperemesis gravidarum uncontrollable vomiting associated with pregnancy.

She becomes malnourished and dehydrated in spite of intravenous therapy and other treatment, threatening heart failure, among other things.

Only an abortion will cure this life-threatening condition. In other cases, an abortion is sought because the sex of the fetus has been determined through amniocentesis or ultrasound examination and it is not the desired sex.

This is more common in some cultures than in others. In the United States, it is exceedingly rare, and the request for abortion in this situation may be precipitated by the risk of a sex-linked hereditary disease. Incidence of Abortion If it were not for pregnancy, there would be no abortions.

Unit 21 aspects of contract and

This rather obvious fact must be stated because it is not always noticed. To understand the numbers and rates of abortions, it is necessary to know the denominator: In the United States, about 6. This gives an abortion ratio of In some areas where contraceptives are not widely available, such as the former Soviet Union and certain countries in Eastern Europe, the abortion rates and ratios are much higher.Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates.

Get Started. How the interactions among the firm’s owners, managers, and employees influence wages, work, and profits, and how this affects the entire economy. With over , users downloading 3 million documents per month, the WBDG is the only web-based portal providing government and industry practitioners with one-stop access to current information on a wide range of building-related guidance, criteria and technology from a 'whole buildings' perspective.

ejaz Reply: November 26th, at pm. Dear, In BMS system the cabling and the containment work is under whose scope, is it done by mechanical contractor or electrical contractor, how does FIDIC regulates it and what is the most suitable or relevant code for it. UNIT 21 P7 - PASSED Describe the remedies available for breach of contract Remedies are legal solutions that are valuable to victims of contract misrepresentations.

There are five basic remedies for breach of contract, which include; damages, restitution, rescission, reformation and specific performance.

Subpart —Federal Supply Schedules Definitions. As used in this subpart— “Ordering activity” means an activity that is authorized to place orders, or establish blanket purchase agreements (BPA), against the General Services Administration’s (GSA) Multiple Award Schedule contracts.

FAR -- Part 12 Acquisition of Commercial Items