As Laurent Thirouin writes: The celebrity of fragment has been established at the price of a mutilation. The unbeliever who had provoked this long analysis to counter his previous objection "Maybe I bet too much" is still not ready to join the apologist on the side of faith. He put forward two new objections, undermining the foundations of the wager:
The establishment of his principle of intuitionism had an impact on such later philosophers as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Henri Bergson and also on the Existentialists. His mother died inand in the family moved to Paris. While his sister Jacqueline born in figured as an infant prodigy in literary circles, Blaise proved himself no less precocious in mathematics.
In he wrote an essay on conic sections, Essai pour les coniques, based on his study of the now classical work of Girard Desargues on synthetic projective geometry. Between andPascal conceived and constructed a calculating device, the Pascalineto help his father—who in had been appointed intendant local administrator at Rouen—in his tax computations.
The significance of this contribution explains the youthful pride that appears in his dedication of the machine to the chancellor of FrancePierre Seguierin Jansenism was a 17th-century form of Augustinianism in the Roman Catholic Church.
It repudiated free willaccepted predestinationand taught that divine gracerather than good Pascal and his life table essay, was the key to salvation.
The convent at Port-Royal had become the centre for the dissemination of the doctrine. Pascal himself was the first to feel the necessity of entirely turning away from the world to God, and he won his family over to the spiritual life in Absorbed again in his scientific interests, he tested the theories of Galileo and Evangelista Torricelli an Italian physicist who discovered the principle of the barometer.
To do so, he reproduced and amplified experiments on atmospheric pressure by constructing mercury barometers and measuring air pressureboth in Paris and on the top of a mountain overlooking Clermont-Ferrand. These tests paved the way for further studies in hydrodynamics and hydrostatics.
His publications on the problem of the vacuum —48 added to his reputation. In the last treatisea fragment of the De Alea Geometriae, he laid the foundations for the calculus of probabilities.
He entered Port-Royal in Januaryand though he never became one of the solitaires, he thereafter wrote only at their request and never again published in his own name. Blaise Pascal centre conducting experiments with a mercury barometer at a tower in Paris, engraving from La Nature, They included a blow against the relaxed morality that the Jesuits were said to teach and that was the weak point in their controversy with Port-Royal; Pascal quotes freely Jesuit dialogues and discrediting quotations from their own works, sometimes in a spirit of derisionsometimes with indignation.
The Provinciales were an immediate success, and their popularity has remained undiminished. This they owe primarily to their form, in which for the first time bombast and tedious rhetoric are replaced by variety, brevitytautness, and precision of style; as Nicolas Boileauthe founder of French literary criticismrecognized, they marked the beginning of modern French prose.
Something of their popularity, moreover, in fashionable, Protestantor skeptical circles, must be attributed to the violence of their attack on the Jesuits. In England they have been most widely read when Roman Catholicism has seemed a threat to the Church of England.
Yet they have also helped Catholicism to rid itself of laxity; and, inPope Innocent XI himself condemned half of the propositions that Pascal had denounced earlier. Further, by rejecting any double standard of morality and the distinction between counsel and precept, Pascal aligned himself with those who believe the ideal of evangelical perfection to be inseparable from the Christian life.
Although there was nothing original in these opinions, Pascal nevertheless stamped them with the passionate conviction of a man in love with the absolute, of a man who saw no salvation apart from a heartfelt desire for the truth, together with a love of God that works continually toward destroying all self-love.
For Pascal, morality cannot be separated from spirituality. Moreover, his own spiritual development can be traced in the Provinciales. The religious sense in them becomes progressively refined after the first letters, in which the tone of ridicule is smart rather than charitable.
The work remained unfinished at his death. In the Apologie, Pascal shows the man without grace to be an incomprehensible mixture of greatness and abjectness, incapable of truth or of reaching the supreme good to which his nature nevertheless aspires.
Pascal was not interested in making converts if they were not going to be saints.After her death, his only family was his father and his two sisters, Gilberte, and Jacqueline, both of whom played key roles in Pascal's life.
When Blaise was seven he moved from Clermont with his father and sisters to Paris.
way to live one's life. Pascal begins his thesis with two simple options: to believe, or not to believe. Pascal then brings to the table two more possibilities: either God exists, or he does not.
Pascal presents his argument to the audience contrary, however, to believe in God and live a life in his name for the sole purpose of attaining.
Blaise Pascal moved to Port Royal where he lived until his death in Paris at the age of 39, on August 19th, He suffered from Insomnia, and acute dyspepsia, and at the time of his death he was just worn out.
Biography/Profile. Reverend Samuel Pascal Wright was born in Clarksville, Tennessee, on February 1. We know little of his life until his marriage to Mary Wyatt Harris, the seventh child of John Wyatt Harris and Judith Eldridge Cox, in Russellville, Alabama.
At the tender age of 16, Pascal had already made a significant discovery in the math world with his "Mystical Hexagram" and Pascal’s theorem.
He projected these ideas in the form of Essai pour les coniques (essay on Conics). Pascal made his first important mathematical discovery and published his first article, the Essay on Conics (), at the age of sixteen. Barely an essay at all, the work is a one-page document consisting of three diagrams, three definitions, and two lemmas.