Visit Website But between and a series of interconnected developments occurred in Europe that provided the impetus for the exploration and subsequent colonization of America.
Began the first circumnavigation of the globe Hernando Cortez — Conquered the Aztecs in Mexico Francisco Pizarro — Conquered the Incas in Peru Hernando de Soto — Lawrence River to Montreal Samuel de Champlain — Columbus failed to reach Asia, landing instead on the Bahama Islands in He returned to the New World in and established the settlement of Santo Domingo as a base for further exploration.
Inthe Pope declared that all lands west of the Azores and the Cape Verde Islands belonged to Spain, but Portugal, another great sea power, disputed the papal decree. The two countries reached a compromise with the Treaty of Tordesillas inwhich divided all future discoveries between Castile a region of Spain and Portugal.
But while the Portuguese focused on navigation and geographical observation, the Spanish put their efforts into expedition and colonization.
After the Treaty of Tordesillas, Spain quickly established itself as the premier European power in the New World, sending wave after wave of explorers into South America.
These Spanish expeditions, led by conquistadors, set out in search of gold, slaves, lucrative trade routes, and fame. Indeed, they succeeded in creating an enormous empire. Conquistadors plundered the indigenous tribes for treasure and slave labor.
They established numerous encomiendas—sprawling estates populated with native slaves. Under Conquistador rule, many of the natives died from disease, malnutrition, and fatigue, and they were soon replaced on the encomiendas by African slaves brought in by Portuguese slave traders.
In North America, Spain initially proved just as dominant. InSpain established the first successful European settlement in North America—a fortress in St. Around the turn of the seventeenth century, Spanish settlers moved into the Southwest, establishing the colony of Santa Fe in In an effort to maintain control of North America, the Spanish attacked many British and French settlements and destroyed forts.
Spain saw its claim on Florida as particularly important in the effort to diminish English and French expansion southward. France France also played a strong role in the New World, though its efforts were mainly confined to North America.
The French led the charge to find a Northwest Passage, a much-hoped-for water route through which ships might be able to cross the Americas to access Asia. In three voyages between andFrench explorer Jacques Cartier traveled the St. Lawrence River as far as Montreal. InFrench settlers briefly and unsuccessfully attempted to settle in what is now South Carolina, and inthe Spanish attacked and destroyed a French settlement near Jacksonville, Florida.
Despite its failures, France continued to be a major player in North America. Most notably, the French engaged in the highly profitable fur trade, setting up trading outposts throughout Newfoundland, Maine, and regions farther west.
By the end of the seventeenth century the French controlled the St. Lawrence River, the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes and, therefore, much of the land in the heart of the continent.
Of all the European colonial powers, the French enjoyed the best relationship with Native Americans. Inthe Dutch bought Manhattan island from the natives who lived there and established the settlement of New Amsterdam at the mouth of the Hudson River. While the colony flourished on account of the fur trade, the Dutch did little to expand their landholdings beyond their domain around the Hudson.
AfterDutch influence waned. England Compared to other European powers, England got a relatively late start in the exploration and colonization of the New World. For much of the sixteenth century, England had no real presence in the New World. English interest in the New World increased in the second half of the sixteenth century.
Religious groups such as the Puritans, who disagreed with the practices of the Church of England saw the New World as a place where they could practice their religion without persecution.
Catholic Spain felt threatened by British sea power and the influx of English Protestants, and the two European powers quickly became bitter rivals, each scheming to position strategic bases throughout the New World.As the oil price continues to climb from recent lows, there is a higher demand for funding.
However, some smaller players face a challenging funding landscape, according to . During the fifteenth and the sixteenth century the states of Europe began their modern exploration of the world with a series of sea voyages.
The Atlantic states of Spain and Portugal were foremost in this enterprise though other countries, notably England and the Netherlands, also took part. European exploration, exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans, beginning about the 4th century bce.
The motives that spur human beings to examine their environment are many. exploration & production in europe For more than 50 years, Chevron has been a major player in developing Europe’s oil and natural gas resources, and we remain committed to the region’s energy future and maximizing the recovery of its resources.
The Age of Exploration Though Columbus was not the first to discover the New World, his landing in the New World in is important: it ushered in an era of unprecedented European exploration and settlement of the Americas.
exploration & production in europe For more than 50 years, Chevron has been a major player in developing Europe’s oil and natural gas resources, and we remain committed to the region’s energy future and maximizing the recovery of its resources.