Origin[ edit ] The exact origins of the terms 'beat music' and 'Merseybeat' are uncertain. The "beat" in each, however, derived from the driving rhythms which the bands had adopted from their rock and roll, rhythm and blues and soul music influences, rather than the Beat Generation literary movement of the s. As the initial wave of rock and roll declined in the later s, "big beat" music, later shortened to "beat", became a live dance alternative to the balladeers like Tommy SteeleMarty Wilde and Cliff Richard who were dominating the charts. Harry claims to have coined the term "based on a policeman's beat and not that of the music".
Kerouac allows that it was Huncke, a street hustler, who originally used the phrase "beat", in an earlier discussion with him. The adjective "beat" could colloquially mean "tired" or "beaten down" within the African-American community of the period and had developed out of the image "beat to his socks",    but Kerouac appropriated the image and altered the meaning to include the connotations "upbeat", "beatific", and the musical association of being "on the beat", and "the Beat to keep" from the Beat Generation poem.
Kerouac attended Columbia on a football scholarship. Yeatsto counteract what they perceived as their teachers' conservative, formalistic literary ideals. He was soon addicted to opiates. Burroughs' guide to the criminal underworld centered in particular around New York's Times Square was Huncke, a small-time criminal and drug-addict.
The Beats were drawn to Huncke, who later started to write himself, convinced that he possessed a vital worldly knowledge unavailable to them from their largely middle-class upbringings. The police attempted to stop Ginsberg while he was driving with Huncke, his car filled with stolen items that Huncke planned to fence.
Ginsberg crashed the car while trying to flee and escaped on foot, but left incriminating notebooks behind. He was given the option to plead insanity to avoid a jail term, and was committed for 90 days to Bellevue Hospitalwhere he met Carl Solomon.
A fan of Antonin Artaudhe indulged in self-consciously "crazy" behavior, like throwing potato salad at a college lecturer on Dadaism. Solomon was given shock treatments at Bellevue; this became one of the main themes of Ginsberg's "Howl", which was dedicated to Solomon. Solomon later became the publishing contact who agreed to publish Burroughs' first novel Junky in Folksongs, readings and discussions often took place in Washington Square Park.
He fell in love with Peter Orlovsky at the end of and began writing Howl.
Rock and roll was everything the suburban s were not. While parents of the decade were listening to Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, and big bands, their children were moving to a new beat. In fact, to the horror of the older generation, their children were twisting, thrusting, bumping, and grinding to . Rock and roll was everything the suburban s were not. While parents of the decade were listening to Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, and big bands, their children were moving to a new beat.. In fact, to the horror of the older generation, their children were twisting, thrusting, bumping, and grinding to the sounds of rock and roll. Text and Drugs and Rock'n'Roll explores the interaction between two of the most powerful socio-cultural movements in the post-war years - the literary forces of the Beat Generation and the musical energies of rock and its attendant culture.5/5(1).
Lawrence Ferlinghetti Kenneth Rexroth 's apartment became a Friday night literary salon Ginsberg's mentor William Carlos Williamsan old friend of Rexroth, had given him an introductory letter. When asked by Wally Hedrick  to organize the Six Gallery readingGinsberg wanted Rexroth to serve as master of ceremonies, in a sense to bridge generations.
Lamantia read poems of his late friend John Hoffman. At his first public reading Ginsberg performed the just finished first part of Howl. It was a success and the evening led to many more readings by the now locally famous Six Gallery poets.
Kerouac was impressed with Snyder and they were close for a number of years. In the spring of they lived together in Snyder's Mill Valley cabin. Most Beats were urbanites and they found Snyder almost exotic, with his rural background and wilderness experience, as well as his education in cultural anthropology and Oriental languages.
Lawrence Ferlinghetti called him "the Thoreau of the Beat Generation.
He would spend most of the next 10 years there. Buddhism is one of the primary subjects of The Dharma Bums, and the book undoubtedly helped to popularize Buddhism in the West and remains one of Kerouac's most widely read books.
Gary Snyder studied anthropology there, Philip Whalen attended Reed, and Allen Ginsberg held multiple readings on the campus around and Carr had befriended Ginsberg and introduced him to Kammerer and Burroughs.
He then went to Kerouac, who helped him dispose of the weapon. Kerouac was charged as an accessory, and Burroughs as a material witness, but neither was prosecuted. Kerouac wrote about this incident twice in his own works: He was one of the poets who read at the famous Six Gallery readingand he was written about in one of Kerouac's most popular novels, The Dharma Bums.
Neal Cassady[ edit ] Neal Cassady was introduced to the group inproviding inspiration to several of the Beat authors[ citation needed ].
He became something of a muse to Ginsberg; they had a romantic affair, and Ginsberg became Cassady's personal writing-tutor.The Beatles Influence on Rock-and-Roll Words | 9 Pages. The Beatles Influence on Rock-and-Roll Katelyn Geluso MUH OL Prof. Gleason November 21, Abstract: The Beatles are one of the most innovative rock bands of all time.
They have not only changed the way rock and roll is looked at, but also the way that the music is recorded. Rooted in beat and rock and roll.
Became the embodiement of the counterculture and social culture revolution of the era. Influenced by several beat generation leaders, writers, and poets, including Ginsberg.
While a young boy in Tupelo, Elvis learned to play the guitar from relatives, and then he fell under the influence of country-western singer Mississippi Slim.
It wasn’t until his family moved to Memphis that Elvis’s real musical education began. The "beat" in each, however, derived from the driving rhythms which the bands had adopted from their rock and roll, rhythm and blues and soul music influences, rather than the Beat Generation literary movement of the s.
The evolution of rhythm and blues into rock and roll as a high art form, as evidenced by the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin, and other popular musicians influenced in the later fifties and sixties by Beat generation poets' and writers' works. Kerouac was a major contributor to the Beat Generation as well as American Literature in general.
He was a single piece to a puzzle otherwise known as the Beats. The diverse group of writers, poets, artists, and musicians, commonly categorized as the Beatniks, provoked new beginnings in music, literature, and art.