Australia After a drawn-out campaign longer than the war in which they served, Australia's Vietnam veterans have finally won an important battle in their fight for proper recognition of their service and sacrifice. The Australian War Memorial AWM has decided a new independent history of the conflict should provide a more accurate account of the use of Agent Orange, the chemical herbicide blamed for a range of cancers and other health problems. The AWM has commissioned historian Professor Peter Yule from the University of Melbourne to write an account based on 25 years of new information and accounts from veterans themselves.
Prior to World War II, the Australian government still looked to London for leadership, diplomatic guidance and, when necessary, military protection. This reliance was undermined by the events of World War II. Australian confidence was particularly rattled by three events, all in February It became apparent that Britain was incapable and perhaps unwilling to assist with the defence of Australia.
This prompted the Australian government, then led by prime minister John Curtin, to initiate a fundamental shift in Australian foreign policy. Without cutting its ties with Britain, Canberra began to draw closer to the United States, now a more formidable power in the Pacific region.
In AprilCurtin placed all Australian military units under the command of an American general, Douglas Macarthur. This close co-operation continued after the war. Under the terms of ANZUS, if one of the three signatories was attacked for a foreign power, the others were required to assist. Robert Menzies, the prime minister of Australia from to Like its new ally America, Australia had also been subject to anti-communist scares and hysteria.
Though its membership was never large, the CPA was a prominent and outspoken group. In the late s, a period of social and economic unrest, Australia was disrupted by several major strikes. The conservative press and politicians blamed these strikes on the CPA, which they blamed for industrial destabilisation.
In December Menzies became prime minister after a decisive election victory. The following year he attempted to ban the CPA, declaring it an illegal organisation. It also sought to maintain and strengthen its wartime ties with the US. The first package was in the region of three million pounds, the largest portion of which went to Saigon.
This aid package received widespread support in Australia, both from the general population and both sides of politics. By placing Diem on a pedestal, the Australian government and media were clearly aligning themselves with the United States.
While Diem was being celebrated, the Australian media demonised those who opposed him. The leaders of North Vietnam and South Vietnamese insurgents were painted in simple terms as communists. There was very little complex analysis of their background or political goals.
An editorial from the Bulletin magazine was typically dismissive: In June Sergeant William Hacking became the first Australian serviceman to die in Vietnam, after an accidental weapon discharge.
Despite these losses, the Menzies government remained committed to assisting South Vietnam for up to ten years — but this support, they said, would remain focused on training and logistics. In November Menzies told Australians that the build-up of communist forces and increases in attacks by communist insurgents required a stronger response in Vietnam.
These conscripts would serve a minimum of two years with the Australian Army, during which time they may be deployed in Vietnam.
Menzies hoped to raise 8, troops each year via the National Service program. In April Menzies announced the dispatch of the first Australian combat troops to Vietnam. Opinion polling suggests a significant majority of Australians supported this decision.
Menzies retired from politics in earlyaged 72, and was replaced by his deputy leader Harold Holt. Lyndon Johnson embarked on a reciprocal visit in Octoberthe first visit to Australia by a serving US president.
Johnson was welcomed in Australia by enormous crowds. For the most part, it seemed the US-Australian alliance had never been stronger.Vietnam veterans win a battle to have the Australian War Memorial compile a more accurate account of the impact of Agent Orange use during the conflict.
The Vietnam War was a domesticated civil war between the communist, North Vietnam, and the democratic, South Vietnam. The North was supported by the Chinese communist, and the leader Ho Chi Minh. The Vietnam War introduced the United States to the Vietcong and Guerrilla warfare.
Impact Of The Vietnam War On Australia Harvard Case Study Solution and Analysis of Harvard Business Case Studies Solutions – Assignment HelpIn most courses studied at Harvard Business schools, students are provided with a case study.
The Vietnam War was a war that started during the late s and ended during the late s. The Vietnam War ended in the Vietcong victory over America. I believe that this was due to the underground ‘labyrinth’ of tunnels and the vast usage of guerrilla warfare used by the Vietcong.
The Impact of the Vietnam War on Australia’s Relations with Asia. The Vietnam War impacted Australia’s fundamental perception of the Asian region. During the s and s, Australia’s relations with Asia were heavily diminished due to influence from the Cold War and the fear of 5/5(2).
Malcolm Fraser decided Australia was morally justified to take Indochinese refugees. This intake of refugees marked the end of the White Australia policy. Because of the war hundreds of thousands of refugees were fleeing Vietnam (fearing persecution from the Communist government).